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Dyslexia and Dyscalculia

Definition of Dyslexia:

“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002. This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

The definition of dyslexia was added to the NC Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities in August 2017.


Policy Spotlight:
SESSION LAW 2017-127 HOUSE BILL 149
AN ACT TO REQUIRE THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION AND LOCAL BOARDS OF EDUCATION TO DEVELOP TOOLS TO ENSURE IDENTIFICATION OF STUDENTS WITH DYSLEXIA AND DYSCALCULIA.


Dyslexia Guidance- US Department of Education 

Memo Dyslexia Topic Brief

Dyslexia Topic Brief

Dislexia - Un Resumen del tema

Dyslexia and Dyscalculia:  A Report on Statewide Efforts

This video from Understood for Learning and Attention Issues (understood.org) features reading specialist Margie Gillis describing how the brain changes when we learn to read and why learning to read is more difficult for some kids than others.

International Dyslexia Association Fact Sheets

IDA Webinars

 

Especially for Parents

This document, a collaboration between the Exceptional Children’s Assistance Center and the NC Department of Public Instruction, provides questions parents can ask about reading improvement and dyslexia, so you can mutually gather the information needed to support your child’s growth.  (document)

Do you think your child might have dyslexia?  This fact sheet provides a definition of dyslexia and other helpful facts including ways to help your child.  http://www.readingrockets.org/article/dyslexia-basics

A Child Becomes a Reader:  This document provides proven ideas from research for parents for kindergarten to third grade.  Published by the National Institute for Literacy and Partnership for Children. https://www1.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/documents/readingk-3.pdf

The National Center for Improving Literacy provides practical ideas and expert-approved strategies to help your child learn to read and write.  https://improvingliteracy.org/family

IDA Dyslexia Handbook:  What Every Family Should Know

Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability in math for a child who does not learn at an adequate rate when provided sustained, high quality instruction and scientific research-based intervention matched to their needs.

The following video from Understood for Learning and Attention Issues provides a brief overview of dyscalculia.

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